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A Guide to the Various Types of Windows

Sliding Windows
Most people notice pretty early on that there are different ways in which a window can open. Some crank open, others slide, and others lift. It's usually not until you go to replace the windows in your home, however, that you really start thinking about these different types of windows and how they operate.

Which window type is right for your home? This guide offers an overview of the five most common types of windows and when each works best.

1. Double-Hung Windows

Double-hung windows are the mainstay of the window industry. They consist of a top and a bottom panel. To open the top window, you pull it down. To open the bottom window, you pull it upward. Double-hung windows are pretty easy to open and don't require much dexterity. They are also easy to clean, since the panels usually tilt inward, allowing you to clean the outside surface from inside your home.

Double-hung windows work well in window openings that are taller than they are wide. They allow for adequate ventilation, though not as much as casement windows.

2. Casement Windows

Casement windows are a type of hinged window. The window is mounted on hinges to either the right or left side, and when you turn a crank, the window opens like a little door. When you think of casement windows, two things should come to mind: ventilation and energy efficiency. The open window works like a funnel, pushing air into the home when the window is open. When the window is closed, it locks tightly into its frame, preventing air from leaking in. 

Casement windows are a good choice above counters or in areas where you have to reach to touch the window. It's easier to reach and turn a crank than it is to reach and slide a whole window upward. However, you may struggle to turn the crank if you have arthritis in your hands.

3. Awning Windows

Awning windows are similar to casement windows, but the hinges are located on the top rather than the side of the window. Most awning windows are small. You may place one in your laundry room or above a kitchen counter. Since the window sits above the window opening like an awning, it keeps rain from coming in when the window is open. Thus, awning windows are great for continuous ventilation during bad weather.

4. Sliding Windows

Sliding windows, as the name suggest, slide from side to side within their frame. Some brands make a higher-end type of sliding window called a gliding window, which rolls on bearings within the track. Sliding windows work best in window openings that are wider than they are tall. Homeowners typically place them against a patio so that they can hand food and other items through the open window.

One downfall to sliding windows is that they are not as secure as other window types. Someone can jimmy the window open from the outside quite easily, especially if you forget to latch it. 

5. Fixed Windows

Fixed windows are windows that do not open. They are more efficient than other types of windows because they are fixed into their frame. Most fixed windows are huge, expansive picture windows that would just not be compatible with any type of opening device. These windows don't offer any ventilation, but you can put casement windows next to your fixed window or place awning windows above it to let in some air.

Now that you know a bit more about the basic types of windows, you can have a more informed discussion with your window company as you choose new windows for your home. If you're looking for a window replacement company in the Louisville area, contact Wheatley Siding Windows & Guttering.